Research and Publications
Research conducted with several populations highlights I-System Interventions transdiagnostic efficacy. In studies with veterans MBB improved sleep by reducing sleep disturbance, reduced PTSD symptoms and increased mindfulness, and improvement in posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, depression, fatigue symptoms, pain, and composite sleep/general co-occurring symptoms. Furthermore, MBB has shown to be an effective intervention in the management of insomnia in Active-duty Military Personnel suffering from insomnia.
A study on cancer survivors showed that MBB reduced sleep disturbance symptoms and depression symptom; and improved overall levels of mindfulness, self-compassion, and well-being, attenuated waking salivary α-amylases levels, suggesting positive influences on sympathetic activity in cancer survivors with sleep disturbance, and increase in oxytocin, and neuropeptide hormone associated with affiliation, calmness and well-being.
A study with addicted population indicated that MBB significantly reduced drug/alcohol cravings, trauma-related thinking, and disturbed sleep; and significantly increased mindfulness, self-compassion, and well-being. Research with domestic violence perpetrators indicated that MBB reduced recidivism in offenders, and increases treatment compliance. A project conducted with Minority Communities suggest MBB could be an effective tool for achieving improved health among racial and ethnic minority populations.
A recent publication by Shaun Ho and Yoshi Nakamura proposed a theoretical and neuroscience foundation for the I-System Model’s transdiagnostic efficacy. They propose that I-System Interventions like MBB provides an effective strategy because it addresses a central problem, i.e. unrealistic identity-grasping consisting of self-centered embodied expectations of self and others (caused by the I-System) that impairs mind-body wellbeing.
MBB has been certified as an evidence-based intervention by The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Mind-Body Bridging Substance Abuse Program and the Mind-Body Bridging Sleep Program are now officially listed on the National Registry of Evidence-based Programs (NREPP).
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Audo, Elisa (2012). The experience of mind-body bridging as a treatment for domestic violence offenders. California Institute of Integral Studies, 2012, Dissertation Abstracts International 287; 3508060.
Gren, L. H., Jaggi, R., Landward, R., Benson, L. S., & Frost, C. J. (2016). A Community Health Coach–Delivered Mental Wellness Intervention Using Mind–Body Bridging to Reduce Health Disparities in Diverse Communities. Pedagogy in Health Promotion, 2373379916666299.
Ho, S.S. and Nakamura, Y. (2017) Healing Dysfunctional Identity: Bridging Mind-Body Intervention to Brain Systems. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 7, 137-164.
Lipschitz DL, Kuhn R, Kinney AY, Donaldson GW, Nakamura Y. (2013). Reduction in Salivary α-amylase Levels following a Mind-Body Intervention in Cancer Survivors - an Exploratory Study. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 38(9),1521-31.
Lipschitz, D.L., Kuhn, R., Kinney, A.Y., Grewen, K., Donaldson, G.W., and Nakamura, Y. (2015). An Exploratory Study of the Effects of Mind-Body Interventions Targeting Sleep on Salivary Oxytocin Levels in Cancer Survivors. Integrated Cancer Therapies, 14(4), 366-80.
Lipschitz D.L., Landward R., Nakamura Y. (2014) An exploratory study of an online mind-body program for poor sleepers in a community sample. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 6 (1) , pp. 48-55.
Lipschitz, D. L., Olin, J. A., Yoshio Nakamura, Y., (2016) A randomized controlled pilot study of a mind-body intervention compared with treatment as usual in the management of insomnia among active duty military personnel. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 8, (5), 769-780
Nakamura, Y., Lipschitz, D. L., Donaldson, G. W., Kida, Y., Williams, S. L., Landward, R., ... Tuteja, A. K. (2017). Investigating Clinical Benefits of a Novel Sleep-Focused Mind-Body Program on Gulf War Illness Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 79(6), 706-718.
Nakamura, Y., Lipschitz, D. L., Kanarowski, E., McCormick, T., Sutherland, D., & Melow-Murchie, M. (2015). Investigating impacts of incorporating an adjuvant mind-body intervention method into treatment as usual at a community- based substance abuse treatment facility: A pilot randomized controlled study. SAGE Open, 5(1).
Nakamura Y., Lipschitz D. L., Kuhn R., Kinney A. Y., Donaldson G. W. (2013). Investigating efficacy of two brief mind-body intervention programs for managing sleep disturbance in cancer survivors: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 7, 165-182.
Nakamura Y., Lipschitz D. L., Landward R., Kuhn R., West, G. (2011). Two sessions of sleep-focused mind-body bridging improve self-reported symptoms of sleep and PTSD in veterans: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 70, 335-345.
Tollefson, D. R., & Phillips, I. (2015). A Mind-Body Bridging Treatment Program for Domestic Violence Offenders: Program Overview and Evaluation Results. Journal of Family Violence, 30 (6), 783-794
Tollefson, D. R., Webb, K., Shumway, D., Block, H., and Nakamura, Y. (2009). A Mind-Body Approach to Domestic Violence Perpetrator Treatment: Program Overview and Preliminary Outcomes. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, 18 (1), 17-45.
Academic book publications that reference MBB research and MBB programs
Vernon, A. & Doyle (2018). Cognitive behavior therapies: A guidebook for practitioners. Alexandria, VA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Froerer, A., Von Cziffra-Bergs, J., Kim, J. & Connie, E. (Eds.). (2018). Solution-focused brief therapy with clients managing trauma. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Lavretsky, H., Sajatovic, M. & Reynolds, C. (Eds.). (2016). Complementary and integrative therapies for mental health and aging. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Babson, K. & Feldner, M. (Eds.). (2015). Sleep and affect: Assessment, theory, and clinical implications. London: Academic Press, Elsevier, Inc.
One, J. (Ed). (2019). Cognitive-behavioral therapies for insomnia: An issue of Sleep Medicine Clinics. London: Elsevier, Inc.
Trade books that reference MBB research and MBB programs
Harris, J. S. (2019). Zen beyond Mindfulness: Using Buddhist and Modern Psychology for Transformational Practice. Boston, MA: Shambhala Publications Inc.